Bigfoot is characterized as a large, bipedal creature covered in hair with long arms, toned muscles, and an appearance representing a combination of man and ape. The question of how such a species could exist alongside ours without having been discovered by our scientific community is baffling to many; individuals tend to boast that if this creature ever did exist, it must be extinct by now, otherwise we would have discovered it. However, we are not lending this creature’s intelligence, and possible origins enough credit. Today we take a walk back through time; we will dissect the evolution of apes and man to discover clues about how a man-like species might survive as long as us, without directly competing and remaining elusive. How did it get here, and how intelligent could it be? We will piece together the characteristics of Ardipithecus, Paranthropus, and Australopithecus to determine which branch of bipedal man and ape-like creatures Bigfoot may have descended from.
Ardipithecus was the very first ape species to walk bipedaly. They are the closest link we have to primates. This species was rather small and primitive, so Bigfoot stemming off of this branch is unlikely. The next two groups of evolved human-like species were Australopithecus and Paranthropus. These groups both walked upright but differed in some characteristics. For example, Paranthropus aethiopicus had large megadont teeth and a very strong jaw. Perhaps the most important feature to note on this species was a developed sagittal crest (slightly pointed head at the top of the skull) which allowed for huge chewing muscles. Since the muscles that connected toward the back of the crest were so strong, these creatures were able to chew very well with their front teeth. Unfortunately, very few remains of this species have been found. Just like other creatures from the Paranthropus genus, Paranthropus boisei had adaptations for strong chewing. A prominent sagittal crest on the midline of the top of the skull connected large chewing muscles from the top and side of the braincase to the lower jaw. This anatomy moved the species’ jaw up and down very mechanically. This creature had huge cheek teeth four times the size of a modern human’s and the thickest dental enamel of any known early human. Because of their sagittal crest and larger cranial capacity, this species had a fast-growing brain.
The Australopithecine group was known for land and tree-dwelling, with adaptations for both walking and climbing. These creatures had traits of both humans and apes. For example, Australopithecus anamensis has a shin bone showing a human-like placement of the ankle joint, which points to frequent bipedalism. However, their long arms and strong wrist bones indicate their climbing abilities which likely lasted close to 1 million years. These multi-functional limbs supporting walking and climbing were also found in Australopithecus africanus, whose round cranium housed a large brain, and Australopithecus afarensis, whose children matured quickly after birth. Australopithecus afarensis is one of the longest-lived and best-known early human species, surviving for more than 900,000 years (four times as long as our own species has been around.) Perhaps their land and tree adaptations allowed them to excel and sustain as a species for so long.
After Australopithecus and alongside the Paranthropus group came Homo. Archeological research shows that Homo erectus, our early ancestor, actually constructed stone tools. Because of their ability to hunt, they were now (CLICK READ MORE TO CONTINUE)
Legends of a hairy man are present in a very unusual way within Mayan and Spanish culture. Translating to something like “an old man Goblin,” The Tata Duende is characterized as an ugly man with long hair, and is a very mischievous trickster. Legend has it, Duende has no thumbs and his feet face backwards, making him impossible to track. An important feature to note is that his backward feet are very large and his toes are splayed out. This goblin is associated with rainy climates and is only active at night. Sound familiar? The North American Sasquatch is known to be difficult to track, with footprints ending without rhyme or reason, and revealing anatomy very different from our own. Many footprint casts of Sasquatches contain a mid-tarsal break and in many cases, splayed out toes.
Perhaps Tata Duende has been classified as a goblin to make sense of strange nightly behavior from another creature. Tata Duende exhibits behavior similar to what the U.S. knows as Sasquatch. Many Spanish natives (CLICK READ MORE BUTTON)
Bigfoot DNA evidence is far and few between, and most specimens are inconclusive or only suggestive. However, a story of an ape-woman named Zana seems to support the existence of the creature Bigfoot. Zana was a mysterious woman discovered in 1850 in the Ochamchir region of Georgia, Russia by local hunters. Zana’s appearance was extremely unusual and uncharacteristic of modern human. Her body was massive at 6’6”, she was covered in hair, and was slightly different in anatomy than the humans of the time. After being captured from the dense forest, she was brought to an isolated mountain village called T'khina, fifty miles from Sukhumi Russia. She became extremely violent, and exercised non-human strength and speed. Zana would outrun horses and effortlessly climb trees. Zana’s incredible strength, unmatchable speed, and physical appearance is exactly what witnesses report in North American Bigfoot sightings. Zana was determined to be a relic hominin. During her time in the village, Zana conceived children from two men in the community. Her youngest son, Khwit’s tooth along with the saliva of several of Zana’s living descendants were submitted to Oxford professor Bryan Sykes for DNA examination. The skull of Zana’s son was also submitted, and appeared extremely peculiar, exhibiting characteristics of both modern and ancient human. Zana’s son and descendants were determined to have ancient Sub-Saharan African DNA, which is not present in modern humans. This points to the fact that Zana was not a Homo Sapien, but rather part of a relic population of human that had left Africa some 100,000 years prior to settle in the Russian Caucuses Mountains.
Dr.F. Martin Duncan, the man in charge of the hair collection at the London Zoo, analyzed samples sent to him by Ivan Sanderson, found at Bluff Creek, CA. Duncan concluded that such samples could not be linked to any known animal, but did demonstrate the same characteristics & features of a large primate. Almost 10 years later, in 1968, hairs collected in central Idaho were sent to an instructor of police science at the California State College in LA. Ray Pinker determined that the hair samples did not match any known animal, and in fact demonstrated characteristics from both human and nonhuman primates. The hairs showed many characteristics of apes like the changing of thickness and tint along their length however their scale pattern was eerily similar to humans. In 1993, another analysis of suspected Bigfoot hair (this time found in northern California) was done by Dr.Sterling Bunnell, M.D, of the California Academy of Sciences. He examined the hairs of humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutan, and pygathrix to compare and contrast the specimen. He concluded that the assumed Bigfoot hair sample was closely related to the human-chimpanzee-gorilla group, but was also clearly different than each of these apes in its pigmentation. These other apes show medullary streaks while the possible Bigfoot sample showed no observable medullary structure. In most all studies, the DNA from the hairs was not able to be sequenced due to damage, however structural differences rule out any known species. Bunnell placed the sample side-by-side with human, chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan and Pygathrix monkey hairs, and revealed that although similar to all, the specimen was noticeably different than these known species. He compared the surface & general appearance to human & gorilla, and left his study there. However, Dr.Jeff Meldrum and Dr. Henner Fahrenbach further examined the reports from many labs including Dr.Bunnell’s, to determine if the unknown samples (CLICK READ MORE)
In 1928, a miraculous discovery of a sub-species of human took place in the desert peninsula of Peru. Peruvian archeologist Julio Tello uncovered an intricate 3,000 year old graveyard of 300 skulls belonging to the Paracas people. There was something very unique about these remains; the skulls were 25% larger and 60% heavier than modern human skulls, and the differences don’t stop there. After DNA analysis of hair, skin, teeth, and fragments of cranial bones, scientists determined that the mitochondrial DNA, inherited from the mother, showed mutations that were unknown to any man or animal found on Earth. Scientists set out to discover the origins of these Natives, and ended up concluding that they weren’t actually Native Americans at all. In order to be 100% Native American, the Paracas people would have had to have a blood type O, which turned out to account for the lowest percentage of skulls found. Most skulls contained B and A-B blood types, with a mix of geographic heritage, making it hard for scientists to pinpoint their initial geographic origin. The skulls also had a different jaw structure. The mutations present in the samples along with the varying blood types lead researchers to conclude that they were facing a completely new ‘human-like being,’ possessing extremely different characteristics and DNA from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals or Denisovans.
Many researchers debate whether Bigfoot is an ape or a human, however we must be more open-minded. We, as humans, tend to classify things into categories that we are comfortable with in order to make sense of the world. Perhaps we must change our views and see things differently. Bigfoot may not be ape or human at all, but a human-like species (similar to the Paracas people) that evolved separately from our own, and developed into a completely new group of individuals with a higher intelligence and skillset than ours. Interestingly, the craniums of Bigfoot are described by witnesses to be slightly pointed, creating a dome-like shape at the top of the head. This characteristic sounds strangely similar to the Paracas people of Peru. Perhaps this trait is an adaptation of some sort, in order to communicate with frequencies or even house a more complex brain. We may never know the answer to why the Paracas’ skulls are shaped the way they are, and we may never discover their origins either. However, as researchers, we can conclude that their unique characteristics and unusual DNA classify them as a different species than Homo Sapien. Today, science continues to uncover physical evidence that suggests that we were not the only intelligent, bipedal individuals that (CLICK READ MORE BUTTON)
Deep in the Amazon rainforest, a small tribe of 35 individuals called “Tsapanawas” have been living in complete isolation from the outside world. During a hunt, the men of the tribe use arrows to kill their prey, however interestingly, they communicate with one another using whistles, and keep direction by snapping and placing branches along their route. If this tribe can communicate and hunt effectively using these methods, why couldn’t Bigfoot? Many Bigfoot eye-witnesses have reported hearing unusual whistles, tree knocks, and inaudible chatter throughout the night when their encounter takes place; some have even witnessed the creatures doing such things.
The Tsapanawas tribe was untouched and uninfluenced by our modern culture for so long, and yet they have survived and thrived for thousands of years in a small group of 35 individuals by hunting and gathering, using handmade tools, shelters, and medicines. They have survived attacks by other, more aggressive tribes by adopting a nomadic lifestyle, and until recently, have remained undetected by our modern society. They have a similar appearance to other tribes, but vary slightly in characteristics. The appearance of Bigfoot, or Sasquatch, has also been described slightly differently by witnesses, but still remains consistent in the description of the creature’s main features. Perhaps this points to the possibility of there being several different tribes of indigenous species that have adapted differently, causing variation in appearance like hair color or size. Could these small family groups have adopted a nomadic lifestyle like the Tsapanawas to avoid competition with others? Perhaps this explains why several Bigfoot encounters often take place in one area for a short period of time before dying down and resurfacing during certain times of the year. Regardless of how they remain undetected across the U.S., Bigfoots do a decent job of laying low. Skeptics argue that there simply isn’t enough space here for such a species to thrive, or that such small family groups create an unhealthy gene pool. However, the Tsapanawas tribe only consists of 35 members who still successfully breed and live in isolation. When it comes to the argument of space, consider the environment of the Tsapanawas tribe: a rainforest. Now consider the environment that the North American Bigfoot thrives in: also a rainforest. In fact, regions of the U.S. with the highest rainfall also happen to have the largest number of reported Bigfoot encounters. It seems that indigenous tribes (CLICK READ MORE)
When it comes to Bigfoot, many will argue that the hundreds of recorded eye-witness encounters are simply a man in a monkey suit running in front of a deliberately shaky camera. Fair enough, as most of the videos posted online are just that! However, upon further investigation and intricate analyzation of eye-witness videos, we can better determine the difference between Bigfoot fact and fiction. Here’s your formula to proving fact or fiction.
If you’re not familiar with the Bigfoot Independence day video, it depicts a large creature carrying (what appears to be) a small Bigfoot child. At first glance, the creature in the video almost appears to be a CGI insert, simply created on a computer by a graphic designer. Similarly, the Patterson-Gimlin film has been just about the most controversial piece of footage that has ever existed. Most believe it to be an elaborate hoax, and many have admitted to being involved in its production. However, as scientists, we must not discredit any evidence, as it would be unscientific to assume footage is a hoax without dissecting and analyzing the small details within it. Unless we can prove the evidence to be false, we must not assume that it is. After all, upon further investigation of the Independence Day film and the Patterson-Gimlin film, citizen-scientists have gathered enough information and scientific backup to rule out human involvement in both sets of footage. In order to determine a video or photo’s credibility, it is important to understand the difference between the subjects in the footage, and Homo sapiens (us.) Throughout the dissection of hundreds of credible Bigfoot footprints, scientists and researchers have discovered the difference in anatomy between Homo sapiens and Bigfoot. This differentiation is what can help the average person determine the credibility of footage or photos within seconds. If you understand the difference in anatomy, you will be an evidence expert.
Let’s talk Homo Sapien: A human has a longitudinal arch in their foot, which means the entire foot is incorporated into the lever which propels it off of the ground, and weight is pushed to the ball of the foot while walking. The bending happens at the toes, providing traction while moving. This is why we, as Homo Sapiens, only lift our foot slightly between strides.
Let’s talk Bigfoot: By analyzing the structure and imprint of credible footprints, scientists discovered that a Bigfoot has mid-foot flexibility, like the subject in both films. The weight of the creature is not concentrated on the ball of the foot like Homo Sapiens, but rather the midfoot. A Mid-tarsal break causes weight to transfer from rear to forefront. This anatomy is typical of great apes, and causes these creature’s legs to lift at a higher angle between strides in order to support their midfoot flexibility while walking. In fact, Bigfoots lift their leg 21 degrees higher than a human with each step. Another aspect of anatomy that differentiates Bigfoot from us is the ratio of the arm to the leg, which are approximately the same size. If a human was wearing arm extensions under an ape costume to create a more primitive appearance, their elbow would
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In the folklore of Nepal, the Yeti or Abominable Snowman is an ape-like being, taller than an average human, that is said to inhabit the Himalayan region of Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet. However, how much truth is there to this ancient legend? Throughout the years, reports of hairy, bipedal creatures have haunted both explorers and native Sherpas. An 11th century Hindu poet and a European Ambassador traveling with Genghis Khan both referenced a hairy man in their journals. An older record from a Tibetan book of medicine describes a “Man-animal” who’s body represents a human, and origins represent a bear (perhaps referencing its hair-covered body.) The book reveals that the meat of this creature cures mental illness and its gallbladder heals jaundice. Interestingly enough, its appearance seems to represent the Chinese Gigantopithecus, an ape which lived about a million years ago and stood 10 feet tall. However, this creature went extinct after its population was speculated by scientists to have diminished by way of Homo Erectus, an ancestor of Homo Sapiens. It is believed that Homo Erectus hunted these apes, shrinking their population and causing extinction. Either way, if a large bipedal ape was roaming the tallest mountains in the world, it would have to be both highly intelligent and adaptive to a high-elevation climate. Not to mention, its ability to cover versatile land from snowy mountains to green valleys would need to be impeccable. If you think the Yeti is the gentle Gigantopithecus, the Sherpa people of Tibet will tell you otherwise.
ThengBoche RinBoche, Head of the oldest sect of Tibetan Buddhism, speaks of a creature that visited the local village, climbed over a building, and paralyzed the man sleeping within the structure. Folklore such as this has instilled fear in the locals, and has inspired western films and media. Pang Diki, a local Sherpa, tells of a terrifying experience when she saw a yeti with her father. She described the head of the creature to be reddish-brown and conical, a description that interestingly matches that of a North American Bigfoot. However, Yeti reports often seem to be more aggressive than Bigfoot encounters. Lhakpa Dolma, another Sherpa of the village, describes a horrifying memory from her childhood. Dolma was herding cattle in the mountains when she heard a whistle. She quickly dismissed it, figuring it was her older brother, however moments later, a large creature grabbed her by the hair and clothing and threw her into a neighboring stream. She describes the creature killing 3 cows before walking off into the brush in a strange twisting motion. Perhaps the Yeti was defending its territory, or taking advantage of her youth to kill the cows and return for their meat after she ran off. Either way, these Yetis seem to demonstrate peculiar behavior for just a mountain ape, and similar behavior to the North American Bigfoot, believed to be a sub-species of human. If the Yeti is an ape, they must be extremely intelligent and also carnivorous, based on the many reports of mutilated livestock by the local farmers.
The exact roots of the Yeti are unknown, however there is significant evidence proving that something is, in fact, out there. In 1957, a Texas millionaire named Tom Slick conducted an investigation in the Himalayas, inspired by his interest in mysteries and missing human links. He gathered a small team of scientists and zoologists to search the nearby valleys and mountains, while he and a few others set out to speak with villagers. After interviewing a Buddhist monk, he discovered that the monastery was keeping an alleged mummified Yeti hand on display. After requesting to bring the sample to be tested at a lab, the monks declined due to religious reasons. However, this would not stop Slick. He devised a brilliant plan to get the caretaker drunk and steal two bones of the hand, that he would replace with human bones to mask the theft. He crossed over the border to India and later had the bones tested at the London University. The results were shocking-the DNA represented an unknown primate-like being. Unfortunately, this evidence did not make the press until years later, when another investigator sampled the same hand, and revealed that the DNA was human...These false results were due to Slick secretly replacing the Yeti bones with human bones after stealing the real Yeti specimen. Another DNA analysis obtained from an expedition in China and studied in the Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the University of Shangi examined the amount of copper and iron in a sample of hair. This type of testing is common in determining species of ape. The results were incredible, showing that (CLICK READ MORE FOR DNA RESULTS & VIDEO EVIDENCE)
the difference between bipedal creatures across the globe
The word Sasquatch is derived from the Coast Salish tribe’s language; specifically the word, Sasq’ets, meaning “wild man” or “hairy man.” J.W. Burns established the term “Sasquatch” in the 1930s when he acted as an Indian agent assigned to the Chehalis Band, otherwise known as the Sts’ailes First Nation. The Sts’ailes people claim a close bond with Sas’qets, and believe it has the ability to switch from the physical to the spiritual world.
In 1884, an article regarding Sasquatch was published in Victoria’s British Colonist. It is known as the earliest documented evidence of a Sasquatch sighting. The article follows the quest of local village men chasing down and capturing a “half man, half beast” near Yale, British Columbia. When villagers found the creature near a set of railroad tracks, they nicknamed it “Jacko.” After waking the creature from unconsciousness, they chased it all the way to a set of bluffs above the town. The men were said to have corralled “Jacko” onto a rock shelf and rendered him unconscious with the toss of a rock. Two days later, the newspaper ran a letter to J.B. Good, former superintendent of the Lytton Indian Mission. Good wrote that similar stories of “wild men of the woods” had been told by indigenous groups that encountered such creatures while out hunting. During the summer of 2011, a British Columbia man shot a video showing a possible Sasquatch traveling swiftly up a mountain range in the Tantalus Mountains near Squamish.
Sasquatch is reported to range between 6-9ft tall and is covered in thick black or brown hair.
Bigfoot, United States
The first mention of the name, "Bigfoot" can be traced back to a construction worker named Jerry Crew who presented a plaster cast of a huge footprint he had found in Bluff Creek Valley to a local newspaper office in Northern California. He reported strange activity and huge tracks around the construction site; causing Crew and his buddies to nickname the creature, “Bigfoot.” On October 5, 1958, The Humbolt Times printed his story accompanied by a picture of him holding up the footprint cast, which spanned more than half the length of his upper body. The title of the article read: "New 'Sasquatch' found - it's called Bigfoot." Once published, the name took off and became the coined term for the creature.
Bigfoot is reported to range between 6-9ft tall and is covered in thick black or brown hair. (Click Read More)
evidence of early humans living underground provides clues for bigfoot's elusiveness
Sasquatch, or Bigfoot, is known to be a large, bipedal creature that roams the forests of North America and Canada. Thousands of sightings and hundreds of credible footprints have been enough evidence to raise public interest. However, there is one piece of evidence that still remains missing: a body. Perhaps the most important question that has surfaced among the Bigfoot community is why we don’t find them sleeping, eating, or socializing. Another question one may ask is why we don’t see them more often. The answer may lie in their living space. In a number of sightings, Bigfoots have been said to dwell in caves. One may argue that caves are not abundant enough to support an entire population of creatures. However, many underground metropolises existed thousands of years ago, supporting civilizations of over 20,000 individuals. Nature-made caves may be the wrong place to look. Perhaps, if Bigfoot is half-man, we should be on the search for something man-made.
The Cappadocians of Turkey were a civilization from the Byzantine era that constructed a system of underground corridors that stretch 1.5 miles wide and run 371 feet deep within a mountainside. Within these dwellings, the Cappadocians kept livestock, supplies, and roughly 20,000 individuals. Although this civilization is among the largest underground cities, Cappadocia has a record of subterranean communities. In fact, there are over 200 underground civilizations that exist in this region of Turkey. Derinkuyu, is an 18-story underground city that also housed over 20,000 people. Over 1,000 years have passed since these corridors have been occupied, however their discovery can lead to clues about Bigfoot’s wareabouts. In order to determine if Bigfoots have the ability to construct such intricate tunnel systems, we must look to past accounts of their behavior. In order to recognize credible behavior, we must first turn to a credible piece of evidence.
Bigfoot DNA evidence is far and few between, and most specimens are inconclusive or only suggestive. However, a story of an ape-woman named Zana seems to support the existence of the creature we’ve all been seeing for thousands of years: Bigfoot. Zana was a mysterious woman discovered in 1850 in the Ochamchir region of Georgia, Russia by local hunters. Zana’s appearance was extremely unusual and uncharacteristic of modern human. Her body was massive at 6’6”, she was covered in hair, and was slightly different in anatomy than the humans of the time. After being captured from the dense forest, she was brought to an isolated mountain village called T'khina, fifty miles from Sukhumi Russia. She became extremely violent, and exercised non-human strength and speed. These characteristics seem to reflect the many eye-witness reports of Bigfoot. Zana would outrun horses and effortlessly climb trees. Zana’s incredible strength, unmatchable speed, and physical appearance is exactly what witnesses report in North American Bigfoot sightings. Although science isn’t entirely sure what Bigfoot is, Zana’s existence may point to the answer, and this answer clues us in to Bigfoot’s behavior.
Zana was determined to be a relic hominin. During her time in the village, Zana conceived children from two men in the community. Her youngest son, Khwit’s tooth along with the saliva of several of Zana’s living descendants were submitted to Oxford professor Bryan Sykes for DNA examination. The skull of (CLICK "READ MORE" TO CONTINUE)