In 1928, a miraculous discovery of a sub-species of human took place in the desert peninsula of Peru. Peruvian archeologist Julio Tello uncovered an intricate 3,000 year old graveyard of 300 skulls belonging to the Paracas people. There was something very unique about these remains; the skulls were 25% larger and 60% heavier than modern human skulls, and the differences don’t stop there. After DNA analysis of hair, skin, teeth, and fragments of cranial bones, scientists determined that the mitochondrial DNA, inherited from the mother, showed mutations that were unknown to any man or animal found on Earth. Scientists set out to discover the origins of these Natives, and ended up concluding that they weren’t actually Native Americans at all. In order to be 100% Native American, the Paracas people would have had to have a blood type O, which turned out to account for the lowest percentage of skulls found. Most skulls contained B and A-B blood types, with a mix of geographic heritage, making it hard for scientists to pinpoint their initial geographic origin. The skulls also had a different jaw structure. The mutations present in the samples along with the varying blood types lead researchers to conclude that they were facing a completely new ‘human-like being,’ possessing extremely different characteristics and DNA from Homo sapiens, Neanderthals or Denisovans.
Many researchers debate whether Bigfoot is an ape or a human, however we must be more open-minded. We, as humans, tend to classify things into categories that we are comfortable with in order to make sense of the world. Perhaps we must change our views and see things differently. Bigfoot may not be ape or human at all, but a human-like species (similar to the Paracas people) that evolved separately from our own, and developed into a completely new group of individuals with a higher intelligence and skillset than ours. Interestingly, the craniums of Bigfoot are described by witnesses to be slightly pointed, creating a dome-like shape at the top of the head. This characteristic sounds strangely similar to the Paracas people of Peru. Perhaps this trait is an adaptation of some sort, in order to communicate with frequencies or even house a more complex brain. We may never know the answer to why the Paracas’ skulls are shaped the way they are, and we may never discover their origins either. However, as researchers, we can conclude that their unique characteristics and unusual DNA classify them as a different species than Homo Sapien. Today, science continues to uncover physical evidence that suggests that we were not the only intelligent, bipedal individuals that (CLICK READ MORE BUTTON)
the difference between bipedal creatures across the globe
The word Sasquatch is derived from the Coast Salish tribe’s language; specifically the word, Sasq’ets, meaning “wild man” or “hairy man.” J.W. Burns established the term “Sasquatch” in the 1930s when he acted as an Indian agent assigned to the Chehalis Band, otherwise known as the Sts’ailes First Nation. The Sts’ailes people claim a close bond with Sas’qets, and believe it has the ability to switch from the physical to the spiritual world.
In 1884, an article regarding Sasquatch was published in Victoria’s British Colonist. It is known as the earliest documented evidence of a Sasquatch sighting. The article follows the quest of local village men chasing down and capturing a “half man, half beast” near Yale, British Columbia. When villagers found the creature near a set of railroad tracks, they nicknamed it “Jacko.” After waking the creature from unconsciousness, they chased it all the way to a set of bluffs above the town. The men were said to have corralled “Jacko” onto a rock shelf and rendered him unconscious with the toss of a rock. Two days later, the newspaper ran a letter to J.B. Good, former superintendent of the Lytton Indian Mission. Good wrote that similar stories of “wild men of the woods” had been told by indigenous groups that encountered such creatures while out hunting. During the summer of 2011, a British Columbia man shot a video showing a possible Sasquatch traveling swiftly up a mountain range in the Tantalus Mountains near Squamish.
Sasquatch is reported to range between 6-9ft tall and is covered in thick black or brown hair.
Bigfoot, United States
The first mention of the name, "Bigfoot" can be traced back to a construction worker named Jerry Crew who presented a plaster cast of a huge footprint he had found in Bluff Creek Valley to a local newspaper office in Northern California. He reported strange activity and huge tracks around the construction site; causing Crew and his buddies to nickname the creature, “Bigfoot.” On October 5, 1958, The Humbolt Times printed his story accompanied by a picture of him holding up the footprint cast, which spanned more than half the length of his upper body. The title of the article read: "New 'Sasquatch' found - it's called Bigfoot." Once published, the name took off and became the coined term for the creature.
Bigfoot is reported to range between 6-9ft tall and is covered in thick black or brown hair. (Click Read More)
evidence of early humans living underground provides clues for bigfoot's elusiveness
Sasquatch, or Bigfoot, is known to be a large, bipedal creature that roams the forests of North America and Canada. Thousands of sightings and hundreds of credible footprints have been enough evidence to raise public interest. However, there is one piece of evidence that still remains missing: a body. Perhaps the most important question that has surfaced among the Bigfoot community is why we don’t find them sleeping, eating, or socializing. Another question one may ask is why we don’t see them more often. The answer may lie in their living space. In a number of sightings, Bigfoots have been said to dwell in caves. One may argue that caves are not abundant enough to support an entire population of creatures. However, many underground metropolises existed thousands of years ago, supporting civilizations of over 20,000 individuals. Nature-made caves may be the wrong place to look. Perhaps, if Bigfoot is half-man, we should be on the search for something man-made.
The Cappadocians of Turkey were a civilization from the Byzantine era that constructed a system of underground corridors that stretch 1.5 miles wide and run 371 feet deep within a mountainside. Within these dwellings, the Cappadocians kept livestock, supplies, and roughly 20,000 individuals. Although this civilization is among the largest underground cities, Cappadocia has a record of subterranean communities. In fact, there are over 200 underground civilizations that exist in this region of Turkey. Derinkuyu, is an 18-story underground city that also housed over 20,000 people. Over 1,000 years have passed since these corridors have been occupied, however their discovery can lead to clues about Bigfoot’s wareabouts. In order to determine if Bigfoots have the ability to construct such intricate tunnel systems, we must look to past accounts of their behavior. In order to recognize credible behavior, we must first turn to a credible piece of evidence.
Bigfoot DNA evidence is far and few between, and most specimens are inconclusive or only suggestive. However, a story of an ape-woman named Zana seems to support the existence of the creature we’ve all been seeing for thousands of years: Bigfoot. Zana was a mysterious woman discovered in 1850 in the Ochamchir region of Georgia, Russia by local hunters. Zana’s appearance was extremely unusual and uncharacteristic of modern human. Her body was massive at 6’6”, she was covered in hair, and was slightly different in anatomy than the humans of the time. After being captured from the dense forest, she was brought to an isolated mountain village called T'khina, fifty miles from Sukhumi Russia. She became extremely violent, and exercised non-human strength and speed. These characteristics seem to reflect the many eye-witness reports of Bigfoot. Zana would outrun horses and effortlessly climb trees. Zana’s incredible strength, unmatchable speed, and physical appearance is exactly what witnesses report in North American Bigfoot sightings. Although science isn’t entirely sure what Bigfoot is, Zana’s existence may point to the answer, and this answer clues us in to Bigfoot’s behavior.
Zana was determined to be a relic hominin. During her time in the village, Zana conceived children from two men in the community. Her youngest son, Khwit’s tooth along with the saliva of several of Zana’s living descendants were submitted to Oxford professor Bryan Sykes for DNA examination. The skull of (CLICK "READ MORE" TO CONTINUE)
Recent fossils discovered in Morocco are determined by scientists to be the oldest Homo Sapiens remains we have. This find is rewriting the story of evolution and pointing to the idea that Homo Sapiens evolved in multiple locations around Africa, instead of just one location (as previously thought before.) Philipp Gunz, a paleoanthropologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and a co-author of two new studies on the fossils, published in the journal Nature, points out that our species did not evolve from a single area, but rather all across the African continent. Until this recent discovery, the oldest known fossils of Homo Sapien dated back 195,000 years. The new fossils are near 300,000 years old, indicating that we existed much longer than previously recorded. The recent fossil discovery revealed individuals who share very similar facial characteristics to our own. However, their brains differed in many ways.
The closest living relatives to Homo Sapien are currently Chimpanzees and Bonobos. We share a common ancestor that lived over 6 million years ago. After we split off, our ancient ancestors evolved into different species, or hominins. If Bigfoot is indeed, a hominin, then we may have evolved from the exact same ancestor. This would mean that we may share very similar brain functions and even physical characteristics. However, perhaps Bigfoot is even closer than just a relative. Homo Sapiens were always believed to have evolved from a single area of Africa. However, the new fossil discovery has placed them all throughout Africa. Could one of these isolated groups have evolved into the species we know as Bigfoot? This theory may not be so farfetched.
When Homo Erectus, the predecessor of Homo Sapien, appeared about 500,000 years ago, they had a body covered in thicker, denser, and longer hair than ours. If we are still discovering Homo Sapiens fossils today, then perhaps there are even older fossils waiting to be discovered. If this is the case, there may have been enough time for a small group of our species to evolve into what we know today as Bigfoot. According to phys.org, it takes about 1 million years for a species to completely evolve. However, this process can happen quicker under certain circumstances. As a species evolves, it needs to be isolated from its parent species. If a small group of Homo Sapiens crossed the land bridge and ended up in the U.S., their isolation from other Homo Sapiens may have been the driving factor that evolved them into a different species; one of which has adapted to its environment. In just 100 years, the English peppered moth adapted to its environment by changing color. Could this be a similar adaptation situation for Bigfoots, who have hair-covered bodies?
Homo Erectus and later, Homo Sapiens who’s brains grew larger and cultures evolved started to lose their body hair throughout hundreds of years. Perhaps, if an isolated group of Homo Sapiens were dwelling in the woods of North America, they may have adapted to their cooler, larger environment and grew in height. They also would have acquired more hair. But, how could this group be dwelling in the U.S. and not be seen, or recognized for so many years? The answer might surprise you. There are many reports by Native American tribes, (Click Read More)
Cliff Barackman, who grew up in in Long Beach, California, and now lives in Oregon, is one of the most accomplished Bigfoot researchers in the field. Because of his dedication to Bigfoot research, Cliff has appeared in various media outlets and has written extensively on the subject. His work has been featured in student reports, newspaper articles, video documentaries, and more. In 2007, Cliff appeared on History Channel’s “Monsterquest” in the episode entitled “Legend of the Hairy Beast,” which featured Cliff and James “Bobo” Fay investigating reports and visiting with Native tribes to gather historical information about the creature. Along with documentaries, he has appeared on many internet radio shows, and was a featured guest on “Coast to Coast with George Noory.” In Spring, 2010, Cliff was a guest in an episode of the A&E series, "Strange Days with Bob Saget", and is currently being featured in Animal Planet’s series, Finding Bigfoot, where he works with colleagues James “Bobo” Fay, Matt Moneymaker, and Ranae Holland. Cliff is not only a dedicated researcher, but a wonderful character as well. he agreed to answer some of your most asked questions about Bigfoot! Read below to find out if your question has been answered!
Interview with Cliff Barackman:
1.Bigfoot has been described as a bipedal ape-like man. Do you believe it could be a surviving hominid, or do you believe it to be an ancestor of Gigantopithecus?
Cliff: "Sasquatches are definitely a surviving hominid, but all apes and humans are hominids, which means they are in the family Hominidae. The question would be if they are a surviving hominin, which is defined as being in the lineage or an offshoot of human beings. Hominins include Australopithecus all the way up to present day Homo sapiens sapiens, and all the offshoots thereof. This is most likely the case for sasquatches as well. At the same time, it is entirely possible that Gigantopithecines were also an offshoot of the Hominin lines. So little is known about them (though much is speculated), that it is impossible to say at this point."
2.What are some common behaviors that you’ve seen/heard in a Bigfoot report?
Cliff: "Most of the time when a Bigfoot is encountered, besides the mere shock of the event, it is rather a dull affair. The Sasquatch typically either walks/runs away, or it watches the observer and then walks away. Some atypical reports would include intimidation displays, such as yelling, growling, throwing and breaking objects, stomping, or even bluff charges."
3.If Bigfoot is so large, how could it remain so elusive?
Cliff: "They are large, but not significantly larger than a brown/grizzly bear. Many members of the species, if not most, are smaller, perhaps the size of a large black bear. These animals also largely stay out of sight. Sure, there are many reports of seeing bears, but there are probably at least 100 bears for every Bigfoot. The numbers are in favor of Bigfoots being rarely seen. When one adds to this that Sasquatches seem to be mostly nocturnal, very smart, hyper aware of their surroundings, and want nothing to do with us, it seems natural that they would rarely be seen."
4.Could you give me your best description of a Bigfoot’s features?
Cliff: "In general, adult Sasquatches range from six to eight feet or so in height, and they probably weigh between 400 and 1,200 pounds. They are generally human-like in shape, but covered, with hair (except on parts of the face, the palms, and bottom of the feet) with wider shoulders, longer arms, and a lower-placed head that often seems to rest on the shoulders (they do have a neck, of course, but their muscles can often obscure this). The hair covering is dark, usually brown or black, with a reddish tinge when seen in the right lighting conditions. They are often described as having an overhanging brow ridge, and a head that slopes away from the forehead in a conical shape. Their noses are wide and broad, though not ape-like."
5.How many do you think there are?
Cliff: "I guess that there are probably between 8,000 and 10,000 individuals in North America, give or take a few thousand. This sounds like a lot, but would make them one of the rarest large animals."
6.Based on your research of footprints, how does Bigfoot’s anatomy differ from humans or apes?
Cliff: "The footprints indicate that the Sasquatch foot is proportionally wider than a human foot. It also seems to be flexible in the mid section of the foot, just like the feet of other apes. In other words, Bigfoots lack the rigid arch that the human foot has. The ankle is shifted forward on the foot, which is a biomechanical redesign of the human foot in order to accommodate their larger mass."
7.Have you come across many hair samples? What were the results of DNA testing?
Cliff: "I've seen a couple purported hair samples, but the ones I've been directly involved with have not produced testable DNA."
8.If one were to come across a Bigfoot, what would your advice be?
Cliff: "Savor the moment. It might never happen again. Oh, and take a photo if possible."
to learn more about Cliff Visit http://cliffbarackman.com/
Cliff Barackman, Bigfoot Researcher, http://cliffbarackman.com/
"About Cliff." CliffBarackman.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2017.
In the Great Rift Valley of Ethepoia, about 300,000,000 years ago, an upright hominin lived. Her name? Lucy. She was determined to be the first Australopithecus africanus found in the region. By examining her knee bone structure and spine, scientists determined that Lucy walked primarily upright, however she did climb trees to seek shelter, which resulted in her death from falling. This species of hominin (an early human ancestor) measured about 3 feet tall and weighed 60 lbs. Their brain was the size of an orange and they began to evolve human-like features. Because of this discovery, scientists are able to further link ape and human, and determine how modern humans were the species to ultimately out-live other hominins….or so we think. Bigfoot is described as a bipedal ape-like creature, and whose description has a striking resemblance to a hominin. Could it be that a mystery species survived along modern humans, remaining undetected? What would it take to make it through millions of years? Lucy, and other hominins might reveal the answer.
Archeological research shows that Homo erectus, our early ancestor, actually constructed stone tools. Because of their ability to hunt, they were now consuming high-energy food: meat. This energy would be enough to power and grow the brain, increasing intelligence. This would eventually lead to an increase in population. Research suggests that the Bigfoot population remains in the thousands, which many assume will lead to extinction. However, the early Homo-Sapiens population was extremely small, and bones are rarely found. The early Homo-Sapien resembled something of a modern man from Africa, with a round braincase and a flat face. Similar to Homo erectus, Homo-Sapien used stone tools to gather high energy food. This could be how Bigfoots hunt their prey, and combined with their massive size and power, they could have easily competed with Homo-Sapien.
Because of their newly created stone tools, humans began to hunt. However, they would soon run into some major dilemmas while catching prey: becoming prey themselves. Humans had to be extremely organized while hunting in order to avoid large cats and other predators. This need for organization eventually evolved the intelligence of the Homo-Sapien brain. This type of social culture would evolve us into what we are today. Similar organization has been reported in many eye witness accounts of Bigfoot. Many witnesses report seeing more than one creature in the same area, and some have even heard a sort of signal system using whistles and tree knocks back and forth in order to catch deer. This similarity to the style of ancient Homo-Sapien hunting is striking. Aside from eating, the human brain development took place when migration kicked in. When land became bone dry, humans were forced to regroup and migrate. Evidence discovered of a 100,000 year old artifact suggests that the Sans people stored water in empty Ostrich eggs while traveling, and during migration they hunted and cooked over fire. Experts believe Homo-Sapiens may have used similar methods. Their brains were growing and they were evolving. During this time, a form of verbal language was also present. Such language can be compared to Bigfoot’s language which is often described by eye witnesses as a gibberish grunting sound.
Although another species of hominin, Neanderthals, were skilled hunters with large builds, their intelligence wasn’t enough to compete with Homo-Sapiens. Homo-Sapiens had greater technological skills and the ability to relate objects with one another. While Neanderthals developed stone tools, humans developed more intricate hunting tools along with representations of them. *CLICK READ MORE TO CONTINUE*
There's a big difference in how a human walks vs. how a bigfoot walks
Bigfoot evidence can be considered credible at times, and a complete hoax at others. But how can one tell the difference? The answer lies in the anatomy of the creature-anatomy that cannot physically be recreated by a human. Through digital analysis of the famous Patterson-Gimlin film, the creature’s size of 7’6.5” was determined. However, one does not need scientific skill to distinguish a Bigfoot from a human hoaxer. In fact, there is a 21 degree difference between Bigfoot’s stride and a human’s, which is often the line that draws the two apart. When a human walks, they lift their foot 52 degrees off of the ground, whereas a Bigfoot lifts theirs 73 degrees. Such an anatomical difference is why the Patterson-Gimlin film has been proven not to be a hoax. In the most credible photography and videography evidence of the creature walking, it represents the same image: a back leg that bends at an extremely abnormal angle, not possible for modern human anatomy to recreate. Such anatomy can be supported in the way the creature steps.
After close examination of hundreds of credible footprints, scientists have been clued in to why the creature walks the way it does. A human has a longitudinal arch, which means the entire foot is incorporated into the lever which propels it off of the ground, and weight is pushed to the ball of the foot. The bending happens on the toes, providing traction. In a foot with mid-foot flexibility, like the subject in the film, the weight is not concentrated on the ball of the foot, but rather the midfoot. A Mid-tarsal break causes weight to transfer from rear to forefront and is most commonly present in apes. By piecing the evidence together, it can be determined that the way the footprints are formed lies in the way the creatures walks, which can be proven by geometry, to be 21 degrees different than a human.
Many skeptics in the Bigfoot community believe such footprints to be pure hoaxes. However, large, humanlike footprints do not stray far from current scientific discoveries. About 9 miles from the Ol Doinyo Lengai Volcano in Tanzania, Africa, a huge collection of Homo sapien (modern human) footprints were found solidified by a previous lava spill. However, just because the word “modern” is used in our name, one must not draw the conclusion of these prints being recent. The prints date back to up to 12,000 years ago, and imply a lot of jogging that took place by our own kind. Some suggested up to a 12 minute-mile running pace, and others revealed a misshapen big toe. Interestingly enough, protruding big toes are often seen in Bigfoot tracks, and many eye witnesses report seeing the creature running at a shocking speed. As much as many do not wish to admit, this creature is eerily close to us in the sense of anatomy, and even behavior. Our own kind left evidence of running, stepping, and jogging through the natural elements. How could Bigfoot be much different? If this creature is-in-fact, a hominid, it would surely leave tracks just as we once did some 12,000 years ago. The real question becomes: What is the creature leaving these tracks?
What do you think? Leave a comment below & stay tuned for more posts!
In 1974, a species of hominin was discovered in Ethiopia. Australopithecines are considered to be an intermediate species between apes and human, as both Australopithecines and humans share enough biological similarities to be classified as hominine. Fossils indicate that these fascinating creatures existed during the Miocene and Pliocene periods, after the split from our common ape ancestors to humans. In recent years, paleoanthropists have uncovered more than 300 individual remains of these creatures who lived between 3.85 and 2.95 million years ago in Eastern Africa. This would mean that the species had survived for more than 900,000 years (4X as long as homo-sapiens have been around). This unique creature matured very fast after birth, resulting in less upbringing than modern humans. Its face and brain resembled more of an ape, while its body resembled a human in that the creature was bipedal. They adapted to both the ground and tree dwelling, which may clue into why their species survived so long. If such a species could survive for 900,000 years, then perhaps this evidence can be key in explaining why Bigfoot could still be roaming forests today. Australopithecus demonstrates that no matter how intelligent or civilized a species may be, adaptation is necessary to avoid extinction. This evidence would raise a point that Bigfoot, may have the adaptation skills and intelligence necessary to thrive. Many early humans were almost as intelligent as the modern human, especially Neanderthals who were civilized hunters and gatherers. Could Bigfoot be one of them? There are over 20 species of human that existed before, and along with us. Such species include Ardipithecus kadabba, Ardipithecus ramidus, Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus garhi, Australopithecus sediba, Homo erectus, Homo floresiensis, Homo habilis, Homo heidelbergensis, Homo neanderthalensis, Homo rudolfensis, Homo sapiens, Kenyanthropus platyops, Orrorin tugenensis, Paranthropus aethiopicus, Paranthropus boisei, Paranthropus robustus, Sahelanthropus tchadensis. These 20 species of human all had varied physical appearances, skillsets and characteristics. Some were more primitive, others were intelligent hunters. If Bigfoot does exist, could its species be one on this list that has evolved over time? Or perhaps a species of human, not yet discovered? If Bigfoot had evolved thousands of years ago before Homo sapiens, the question remains as to how they are still around today. Could it be that they have a fantastic ability to adapt to the ever-changing world around them, similar to Australopithecines? If remains of a Bigfoot are discovered, history could be rewritten. A species so primitive, surviving undetected for thousands of years would have to have a degree of intelligence in order to do so. Bigfoot is often thrown into the category of a giant ape. However, Bigfoot is bipedal, indicating its huge biological leap from the apes we came from. A bipedal ape may be considered a hominid, and hominids are closer to humans than one may imagine. Perhaps, Bigfoot may even be smarter than humans. What do you think? Leave an anonymous comment below!
The discovery of the Homo Naledi fossils in South Africa has changed the theory of evolution as we know it. This non-human species was discovered in a South African cave, deep within a seven and a half-inch crevice and a few foot drop to a tiny chamber. The discovery was revolutionary in the sense that it provided evidence that modern humans and Neanderthals were in-fact, not the first to bury their dead. The bones of the creature were found deep in the cave and appeared to be deposited over century’s time, and without evidence of predatory attack, suggesting that they were placed there deliberately. Homo Naledi is described to be at the base of the lineage that leads to modern humans, as scientists have never before seen a hominid with such primitive features accompanied by advanced physical characteristics. When a study was done on the teeth of the specimen, it was found that the molar crowns were small with five cups like modern humans, but the premolar roots were extremely primitive. This conclusion baffled scientists, as they went on to discover more and more astonishing features. The structure of Homo Naledi’s body was strangely similar to ours, but only from the bottom of the pelvis and down. Steve Churchill, a paleontologist from Duke University described the relation: “You could almost draw a line through the hips—primitive above, modern below.” The brain however, proved to be much different than modern humans, as it was less than half the size of ours, and significantly less than that of Homo erectus. Scientists were struck at the small size of the brain relative to the modern-human sized bodies. Aside from their physical features, scientists were most struck by their practice of burying their dead, a human action now being practiced by a non-human with a small brain. Homo Naledi still remains a mystery in its age and behavior. But it does clue us in to the theory of Bigfoot being a primitive human. Lee Berger, a paleoanthropologist studying the case, suggests that modern humans did not evolve from a single ancestor. The human family tree does not draw back to a single starting point, but rather several “channels” that seem to lead back to each other in the end. The discovery of Homo Naledi is significant in the world of hominids, and provides a clue to the mystery of Bigfoot. Bigfoot is described to be somewhat primitive in physicality, but possessing a human-like face and demonstrating human-like actions. If Bigfoot is a hominid, no matter the degree of their intelligence, they could be capable of burying their dead, which would explain why we don’t find remains. Modern humans are the most advanced species of Homo known today, but that could easily change with discovery. Recently, more and more uncovering of the true intelligence of hominids and Neanderthals has been re-writing the theory of evolution, and suggesting that modern humans are perhaps not the only highly intelligent species that lived…or live…If bigfoot is able to remain so elusive, bury their dead, and form family groups as seen in many studies and reports, then perhaps their discovery could re-write history. Could Bigfoot be more intelligent than modern humans? Perhaps we will never know.
"This Face Changes the Human Story. But How?" National Geographic. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2016.
(Image taken from Google & Sci-news.com)
Video by National Geographic
If Bigfoot is a hominid, then could it be possible for us to mate with them? Some of the oldest DNA of a modern human ever gathered shows that Homo-Sapiens (modern humans) actually interbred with Neanderthals during two time periods: One during the African migration of modern humans and another, during ancient events taking place in Asia. Evidence from this DNA shows that the humans mating with the Neanderthals were in fact, very modern, expressing behavior like painting, constructing tools, playing music, and making jewelry. Artifacts found such as stone and bone tools, pierced shells and teeth, pigments and musical instruments suggest the degree of intelligence these modern humans possessed. So, if these modern humans were so advanced, why mate with a Neanderthal? Scientists believe that the two had to have been closely related geographically and temporally which would encourage sexual relations between them. In fact, the two mated 50,000 years ago, during the Initial Upper Paleolithic period, which was when modern human culture started developing. During this period, as well as another unknown event, modern humans mated frequently with Neanderthals, and today, nearly 2% of people’s genomes are Neanderthal. The only exception to this number are Sub-Saharan Africans, who possess no Neanderthal DNA. This evidence suggests that our ancestors were shaped in significant ways by exchanging genes with other types of humans.
Modern humans carry Neanderthal genes, but not until recently did scientist discover DNA of modern humans in the toe bone of a Neanderthal woman found in Denisova cave in the Altai Mountains of Russia. A new analysis of her genome has found that she actually inherited DNA from modern humans originating in Africa, including a gene that may have contributed to (Click read more)